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Page last modified 11:36, 24 Jun 2011 by cmclinn
1. 1. Summative

### Summative

Begin with an example learning objective and practice developing a summative assessment for it (quiz or exam question).

Learning Objective #1: Be able to interpret a spectrogram view of sound.

Level:

• Analysis on Bloom's taxonomy
• Procedural Learning on Angelo and Cross's four-dimensional assessment.

With extension and revision, the original learning objective could also be written at other levels:

• Application on Fink's taxonomy - using in a new context
• Learning How to Learn on Fink's taxonomy - understanding how the tools help you relate auditory to visual representation of sound
• Conditional Learning on Angelo and Cross - knowing when and where to apply

Exam questions:

• Distinguish between amplitude and frequency. (Short Answer, Comprehension, Analysis)
• How are amplitude and frequency represented on a spectrogram? (Short Answer, Application)
• Label the x- and y-axes of the spectrogram below. (Short Answer - Diagram, Comprehension, Analysis)
• Predict what the spectrogram would look like for the following sound (play audio) (or the following waveform (show waveform image)) (Short Answer - Diagram, Application)
• Using the spectrogram at right, calculate the frequency range of this bird's song. (Short Answer, Comprehension, Analysis)
• Match the following sound (play audio) to one of the spectrograms below (Matching, Analysis).
• Describe how a spectrogram could help you interpret sound and when you might want to use it. (Short Answer, Learning How to Learn, Conditional Learning)
• When would it be more useful to use a spectrogram than a waveform representation of sound? (Short Answer, Conditional Learning, Fink's Application (not Bloom's), Analysis, Evaluation)
•  In what situation would it be more useful to use a spectrogram than a waveform? (MC, Analysis, Evaluation)
• a.
• b.
• c.
• d.
• Describe a situation in which a waveform representation of sound would be useful. (Short Answer/Essay, Comprehension, Synthesis)

Learning Objective #2: List the basic characteristics of birds.

Notes:

• Pick learning objectives
• Categorize them (Bloom, Fink, etc.)
• ID or write an exam question to assess it.
• Rewrite your question in at least two other formats (Be sure to write the answers as a check on how time-consuming, clear, difficult the questions are).